Posts for: August, 2018
If you’ve ever suffered from a stuffy nose, facial pain, and pressure around the nose, cheeks, and eyes, or experienced postnasal drip (in which nasal mucus drains down your throat), then you’ve experienced a sinus infection before. A sinus infection, also known as sinusitis, occurs when the nasal passages become inflamed or irritated. Sometimes an infection can be so bad that the inflammation can actually block these airways. Acute forms of this infection often come about after a cold; however, those with nasal polyps or a deviated septum may be prone to recurring bouts of sinusitis.
Acute sinusitis can last anywhere from two to four weeks and the condition will often clear up by itself. Of course, sometimes it’s necessary to see an otolaryngologist for treatment. For example, it’s a good idea to call a specialist if you’ve been trying to handle your symptoms at home but they haven’t improved after a few days. You should also schedule an appointment if symptoms get worse.
To manage symptoms of acute sinusitis you may try over-the-counter decongestants and nasal sprays to help reduce inflammation and drain the sinuses. If these medications don’t improve symptoms within a couple of days then you may need a stronger medication such as corticosteroids. In some cases, antibiotics may actually be necessary to clear the infection.
Chronic sinus infections last more than 12 weeks and most sufferers experience the exact same symptoms as those with acute sinusitis such as nasal congestion, facial pressure, or a partial or complete blockage of the nasal cavity. It’s important that you visit an ENT doctor as soon as possible to find out what your treatment options are. In some cases, a prescription medication along with over-the-counter medications and alternative remedies can help ease symptoms until the problem subsides. In more severe cases, the patient may need to consider more aggressive measures.
In the past, the only option for those dealing with severe and chronic sinus infections was to undergo surgery. Luckily, technology has come a long way and now ENT specialists can also offer a simple non-surgical procedure known as balloon sinuplasty. No incisions or cutting is required; the only tool used is a small flexible tube with a deflated balloon at the end of it.
The tube is carefully guided into the obstructed nasal passage where the balloon is inflated to open up the airways and drain the sinuses. Once this occurs, the scope is removed but the airways remain open. The side effects from this procedure are minimal and most patients can return to their normal activities 2 days later.
Of course, sometimes it’s necessary to perform sinus surgery to effectively treat chronic sinusitis. To decide the right treatment option for you, it’s important to schedule a consultation with an otolaryngologist you trust.
Head and neck cancers affect more than 55,000 Americans every year and can develop anywhere in the mouth, nose, throat, and sinuses. Early diagnosis is important for ensuring the best possible prognosis. Regular checkups with an ear, nose and throat physician, also called an otolaryngologist, can increase the likelihood of early diagnosis. The otolaryngologist can look for signs of head and neck cancer during your exam. At Midwest Ear, Nose, and Throat, in Chicago, IL Dr. Gordon Siegel is your otolaryngologist for the diagnosis and treatment of head and neck cancer.
Several different symptoms can develop when head and neck cancer is present. If these symptoms develop, it is important to schedule an exam with a doctor as soon as possible. The sooner cancer is diagnosed and treatment begins, the better the prognosis for beating the cancer. Symptoms and signs of head and neck cancer include:
- Difficulty swallowing
- Ear pain when swallowing
- Swelling inside the mouth
- A growth inside the mouth
- A persistent lump in the neck
- Blood in the saliva or phlegm
- Voice changes that persist for more than two weeks
- Changes in the skin on the face, forehead or ears
Certain habits can increase the risk of developing head and neck cancer. Regular consumption of alcohol and the use of tobacco products both increase the risk of developing head and neck cancer. All types of alcoholic beverages and tobacco products can increase risk.
Diagnosis and Treatment
When symptoms of head and neck cancer develop, several different types of medical tests can be performed to determine if cancer is present. Such tests include a head an neck exam, biopsy, CT scan, and MRI scan. If medical tests indicate cancer is present, treatment options include surgery, radiation, and chemotherapy. A Chicago head and neck cancer specialist can discuss which treatment methods are recommended based on your individual situation and what stage the cancer is at.
Knowing the signs of head and neck cancer helps with early diagnosis, which can give you the best prognosis. For the diagnosis and treatment of head and neck cancer in Chicago, IL, schedule an appointment with Dr. Siegel by calling Midwest Ear Nose and Throat at (312) 988-7777.